Animating materials from blueprints without using timelines
Timelines are expensive, so in this guide I will demonstrate how to trigger a simple animation on a material using blueprint events.
Published 8th October 2020 by Henry
It’s simple enough to animate a material, and also to change material parameters through blueprints. However, I found that it wasn’t straightforward to trigger a material animation from a blueprint event without having to resort to Timelines, which are expensive because they add a tick.
The key part to my solution is to use the Game Time to set the start time in the material. The animation then runs from that start time.
For this demo I’ll create a material function which will take the start time in seconds as a scalar parameter, and output an alpha to control a linear interpolation within the material I want to animate.
Then, I will create a blueprint which will fire events when keys are pressed, which will set the start time in the material.
I have provided .txt files for the material and blueprint node graphs which you can copy and paste.
Download MF_TimeLerp material function node graph
The important inputs for MF_TimeLerp are the StartTime and TimeDirection. StartTime is a scalar parameter, and is set by the blueprint (Game Time in Seconds) when the event is fired. Time Direction is a value between 0 and 1 and controls whether the animation should play forwards (1) or in reverse (0).
Download M_Interaction material node graph
This is a simple material just for demonstration, which will use the 0-1 alpha from MF_TimeLerp to drive the transition from Colour0 to Colour1.
Download BP_Interaction blueprint node graph
Finally, this blueprint simply takes the player input through keyboard, and fires events when keys U and I are pressed. Both keys will set the material scalar parameter StartTime to the game seconds. U will set the material scalar parameter TimeDirection to 0, and I will set it to 1. So U and I are basically telling the material to play the animation backwards and forwards, respectively.
In the blueprint, I created a sphere and set its material to M_Interaction.
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